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Q&A on the NAE

Peter Gluck of Ego-out engages Edmund Storms on the NAE

Question If NAE are nanocracks – why is there a limit for their number/density? What is the limiting factor?

Answer The cracks are generated by stress generated by the change in volume when D reacts with Pd. The cracks form at weak regions in the structure. A limit to the number of weak regions exists in a structure. Once crack formation has relieved the stress, no further cracks can form. This is basic material behavior having nothing unusual about the process until the Hydroton forms. For reasons yet unknown, once the critical size crack forms, it can then support the LENR process.

Question Are those active cracks special in some way or is it only a problem of size?

Answer The gap size is the critical condition. A size too large can not support LENR.

Question If temperature is a factor, how?

Answer Temperature determines how fast D can get to the NAE by diffusion from its site in the surrounding lattice.

Question Will the processes at 70, 400, 800, 12000 C be qualitatively the same, or will be some changes in the mechanism?

Answer The mechanism is not changed by temperature. Temperature ONLY changes how fast the fuel (D or H) can get to where it can fuse.

Question How and why do the NAE resist and survive the nuclear process?

Answer The gap is filled with a chemical structure consisting of chains of D. These chains (Hydrotons) fuse by an unknown process and are destroyed. The gap remains in which more Hydroton can form. The gap can remain because the energy is released slowly without causing destruction of the local lattice structure. As I have been saying, one unique and required feature of LENR is the slow rate at which energy is released. Of course, this process is only slow when compared to the hot fusion process. Cold fusion is actually better described as slow fusion.

Question Piantelli said he had excess heat for months. The Rossi heat effect seems to be OK for 6 months. Why is the duration of the PdD excess heat a problem?

Answer Many people have seen the process last for a long time. In my case, it stops only when I cause it to stop because want to go on to other studies.

Question What do you think and which factors play a role for the claimed greater density of NAE in NiH then in PdD – metallurgy, morphology? Perhaps we have to consider that Pd D works with deuterium and NiH with protium.

Answer Ni does not take up as much hydrogen isotope as Pd, hence the stress is less compared to Pd. Also, Ni is stronger than Pd, thereby preventing the stress from producing much cracking. Rossi found a way to produce the active cracks in Ni powder where each grain could contain a number of active cracks. Arata was able to activate Pd powder with impressive power production. Clearly, powder allows more NAE to form within the same weight of material. Work in Japan is taking advantage of this conclusion using Pd.

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JCMNS Vol. 20 publishes two Storms papers


The Journal of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science JCMNS Vol. 20 [.pdf] has published Anomalous Energy Produced by PdD and How Basic Behavior Can Guide A Search for an Explanation both by Edmund Storms, LENERGY, LLC.

Anomalous Energy Produced by PdD on pages 81-99 reports on the “production of anomalous energy using two different samples and the behavior of this energy when temperature, deuterium content of the material, and applied current are changed.

“The observed response gives additional insight into the possible mechanism and corrects some previously incorrect conclusions about this behavior.”

Storms has determined that high-loading is not a necessary condition to initiate the reaction, and that the single greatest factor is temperature.

The second paper How Basic Behavior Can Guide A Search for an Explanation pages 100-138 is a systematic narrowing of LENR models as examined by their assumptions and logical consequences. Jettisoning all ideas that rely on imagined events, the theoretical field is pared down with only the most robust theoretical elements surviving.

An attempt to provide a reasoned approach to an explanation continues the further evolution of Nanocrack Theory, where experimental evidence is supreme.

Download JCMNS Vol. 20 from the JCMNS library page here:

or download the .pdf directly here:

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